Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMJ)
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the area directly in front of the ear on
either side of the head where the upper and lower jaw meet. Temporomandibular
joint disorder occurs when the joint that attaches the upper jaw and lower jaw
is not working properly, it's sometimes referred to as myofacial pain dysfunction
and Costen's syndrome.
TMJ disorders are a group of complex problems with many possible causes. People
with TMJ may have a clicking sound when opening or closing their mouth impeding
the correct functionality. This syndrome can cause headaches, ear pain or
discomfort, dizziness, tooth sensibility, neck, shoulder and mandibular muscle
pain, among others. Temporomandibular disorder affects the muscles that control
chewing and the articulation of the jaw, fortunately there are many treatment
options for TMJ disorders; such as surgery, occlusal and other therapies,
medications, jaw rest and many more.